By Jake Howell jake.howell@utoronto.ca

Divining Cannes 2013

Sundance and Berlin are receding into the haze of early 2013 and all eyes now look to May and the Cannes Film Festival—as well the annual guessing game as to the likely Palme d’Or challengers.

History offers hints. In any given year, Cannes is rich with Competition alumni. Last year’s Palme slate was dominated by past winners and challengers, with veterans accounting for 16 of the 22 films (or ~73% of the total). Of the remaining 2012 Competition contenders, only John Hillcoat, Wes Anderson, and Andrew Dominik had never premiered a film on the Croisette—Lee Daniels played Un Certain Regard with 2009’s Precious, Yousry Nasrallah’s The Gate of the Sun screened out of Competition in 2004, and Jeff Nichols won Critics’ Week in 2011 with Take Shelter.

Cannes 2013 isn’t likely to deviate from this formula.

I’ve compiled an alphabetical list of the 150 filmmakers who have debuted films in Competition since 2003, a decade defined by the choices of Cannes artistic director (and now delegate general) Thierry Frémaux, who started taking the reins in 2001 as part of what his predecessor Gilles Jacob called “the start of a new chapter” of the festival. Working on the theory that Cannes will once again select many Palme alumni to compete for the Festival’s most prestigious prize, we can make some safe extrapolations from the data.

The finished 2013 slate will likely include films not found below, but my scope is not all-encompassing. For example, Baz Luhrmann has not played in Competition since 2001’s Moulin Rouge, but The Great Gatsby is heavily rumored to see the light of day in the south of France this May. Furthermore, had I included the 2002 Festival in my research, Roman Polanski would also be listed (who, in fact, has Venus in Fur to release this year).

Below, my math has yielded three separate lists: the first is a condensation of sorts; a final, plausible pool of films by directors with Competition experience in the last decade (2003-2012) that should or will be ready for May.

The second list shows Competition veterans that have, according to the Internet Movie Database, films releasing this year (whether or not they are in pre-production).

The third list is every Competition veteran since 2003. If a director had nothing listed for the foreseeable future on their IMDb page, I wrote “NDPL” (No Directing Prospects Listed) next to their name. As it always is with films in the ether, some of these listings may be inaccurate.

Palme d’Or 2013: Best Guesses of Possible Returning Competitors

Almodóvar, Pedro – I’m So Excited (2013, June 28 release)

Breillat, Catherine – Abus de Faiblesse (2013, starring Isabelle Huppert, Aug 28 release)

Coen, Joel and Ethan – Inside Llewyn Davis (2013, release Dec 4)

Coixet, Isabel – Panda Eyes (2013, Sept 2nd release)

Coppola, Sofia – The Bling Ring (2013, with Emma Watson and Leslie Mann, June 5 release)

Desplechin, Arnaud – Jimmy Picard (2013, starring Benicio Del Toro, Mathieu Amalric)

Egoyan, Atom – Devil’s Knot (2013, completed)

Folman, Ari – The Congress (2013, starring Paul Giamatti, Harvey Keitel)

Garcia, Nicole – Il est parti dimanche (2013, post-production)

Gray, James – Lowlife (2013, Jeremy Renner, Joaquin Phoenix, Marion Cotillard)

Hou, Hsiao-Hsien – The Assassin (2013, wrapping production in April)

Jarmusch, Jim – Only Lovers Left Alive (2013, Dec 5, with Tilda Swinton, Mia Wasikowska)

Jaoui, Agnès – L’art de la fugue (2013, completed)

Koreeda, Hirokazu – Soshite chichi ni naru (2013, Oct 5th release)

Kurosawa, Kiyoshi – Real (2013, June 1 release)

Malick, Terrence – Knight of Cups (2013)

Miike, Takashi – Straw Shield (2013, release April 26)

Miller, Frank and Robert Rodriguez – Sin City: A Dame to Kill For (2013, October 4)

Sorrentino, Paolo – La grande bellezza (2013, April 11 release Italy)

To, Johnnie – Man Tam (2013)

Tsai, Ming-Liang – Diary of a Young Boy (2013, post-production)

Winding Refn, Nicolas – Only God Forgives (2013, May 23 release, starring Ryan Gosling)

Some notes: 

— With nine Competition films under his belt, Lars von Trier would normally be considered a sure thing for a Palme slot. However, due to his ill-considered remarks about Hitler at the 2011 Festival, the director is still pegged as persona non grata at Cannes. There are also doubts circling about whether Nymphomaniac would even be ready in time for a May premiere. As such, von Trier’s Competition eligibility remains up in the air.

—Héctor Babenco, Amos Gitai, and Emir Kusturica (all recent Competition alumni) are attached to Words with Gods, which sounds similar to 2012’s 7 Days in Havana. This compilation film is a good bet for an Out-of-Competition or Un Certain Regard slot.

Sin City vied in Competition in 2005; it’s reasonable to think the sequel would as well (assuming it’s done in time).

—Because the 2012 Competition line-up featured zero women (and Sundance 13’s U.S. Dramatic showing an equal dispersion, with 8 men and 8 women), it’s possible this year’s Competition slate will try to make amends, giving Catherine Breillat, Sophia Coppola, Agnès Jaoui, and others a stronger shot at a Palme position.

Cannes alumni with projects expected to emerge this year

Almodóvar, Pedro – I’m So Excited (2013, June 28 release)

Avati, Pupi – Miniseries: Un Matrimonio (2013)

Babenco, Héctor – Words with Gods (2013, segment)

Breillat, Catherine – Abus de Faiblesse (2013, Isabelle Huppert, August 28 release)

Campion, Jane (Top of the Lake, TV Series, debuting Sundance Channel 2013)

Coen, Joel and Ethan – Inside Llewyn Davis (2013, release Dec 4)

Coixet, Isabel 3 – Panda Eyes (2013, Sept 20th release)

Coppola, Sofia – The Bling Ring (2013, Emma Watson / Leslie Mann, June 5 release)

Cronenberg, David – Maps to the Stars (2013, pre-production)

Daniels, Lee – The Butler (2013, major A-list talent; including Oprah Winfrey)

Del Toro, Guillermo – Pacific Rim (2013, release July 12)

Desplechin, Arnaud – Jimmy Picard (2013, Benicio Del Toro, Mathieu Amalric)

Dominik, Andrew – Blonde (no date)

Egoyan, Atom – Devil’s Knot (2013, completed)

Folman, Ari – The Congress (2013, Paul Giamatti, Harvey Keitel)

Garcia, Nicole – Il est parti dimanche (2013, post-production)

Garrel, Philippe – La jalousie (2013, pre-production)

Gitai, Amos – Words with Gods (2013, segment)

Gray, James – Lowlife (2013, Jeremy Renner, Joaquin Phoenix, Marion Cotillard)

Greenaway, Peter – Eisenstein in Guanajuato (2013, pre-production)

Hazanavicius, Michel – untitled project (2013, pre-production)

Hillcoat, John – Triple Nine (2013, pre-production)

Hong, Sang-soo – Nugu-ui Ttal-do Anin (2013, Berlinale release), two other rumoured titles (2013)

Hou, Hsiao-Hsien – The Assassin (2013, wrapping production in April)

Iñárritu, Alejandro González – Birdman (2013, pre-production)

Jarmusch, Jim – Only Lovers Left Alive (2013, Dec 5, Tilda Swinton, Mia Wasikowska)

Jaoui, Agnès – L’art de la fugue (2013, completed)

Jones, Tommy Lee – The Homesman (2013, pre-production, Meryl Streep, TLJ, Hilary Swank, shoots March 19th)

Kaufman, Charlie – Anomalisa (2013, pre-production)

Kelly, Richard – Corpus Christi (2013, pre-production)

Koreeda, Hirokazu – Soshite chichi ni naru (2013, Oct 5th release)

Kurosawa, Kiyoshi – Real (2013, June 1st release date)

Kusturica, Emir – Words with Gods (2013, segment)

Malick, Terrence – Knight of Cups (2013)

Meirelles, Fernando – Rio, eu te amo (2013, pre-production, starts August 2013)

Miike, Takashi – Straw Shield (2013, release April 26)

Miller, Frank – Sin City: A Dame to Kill For (2013, October 4)

Ozon, François – Jeune et Jolie (2013)

Rodriguez, Robert – Machete Kills (2013, Sept 13 release), Sin City: A Dame to Kill For (2013)

Soderbergh, Steven – Behind the Candelabra (2013, TV movie, Matt Damon, Michael Douglas, post-production)

Sorrentino, Paolo – La grande bellezza (2013, April 11 release Italy)

Tavernier, Bertrand – Quai d’Orsay (2013, filming)

Tsai, Ming-Liang – Diary of a Young Boy (2013, post-production)

To, Johnnie – Man Tam (2013)

von Trier, Lars – Nymphomaniac (2013, May 30 release)

Winding Refn, Nicolas – Only God Forgives (2013, May 23 release, Ryan Gosling)

Wong, Kar-wai – The Grandmaster (2013, has already premiered)

Cannes Competition alumni, 2003-2012:

Adamson, Andrew – NDPL
Akin, Fatih – NDPL
Almodóvar, Pedro – I’m So Excited (2013, May 3 release)
Amalric, Mathieu – NDPL
Anderson, Wes – Grand Budapest Hotel (2014)
Arcand, Denys – Deux Nuits (2014)
Arnold, Andrea – NDPL
Asbury, Kelly – Kazorn (2014)
Assayas, Olivier – NDPL
Audiard, Jacques – NDPL
Avati, Pupi – Miniseries: Un Matrimonio (2013)
Beauvois, Xavier – NDPL
Bellocchio, Marco – NDPL
Belvaux, Lucas – NDPL
Blier, Bertrand – NDPL
Babenco, Héctor – Words with Gods (2013, segment)
Bonello, Bertrand – NDPL
Bouchareb, Rachid – NDPL
Breillat, Catherine – Abus de Faiblesse (2013, Isabelle Huppert)
Caetano, Israel Adrián – NDPL
Campion, Jane (Top of the Lake, TV Series, 2013)
Cantet, Laurent – NDPL
Carax, Leos – NDPL
Cavalier, Alain – NDPL
Cedar, Joseph – Jerusalem, I Love You (2014)
Ceylan, Nuri Bilge – NDPL
Coen, Joel and Ethan – Inside Llewyn Davis (2013)
Coixet, Isabel – Panda Eyes (2013)
Coppola, Sofia – The Bling Ring (2013, Emma Watson / Leslie Mann, June release)
Costa, Pedro – NDPL
Cronenberg, David – Maps to the Stars (2013, pre-production)
Dardenne, Jean-Pierre and Luc – NDPL
Daniels, Lee – The Butler (2013, major A-list talent; Oprah Winfrey)
Del Toro, Guillermo – Pacific Rim (2013)
Desplechin, Arnaud – Jimmy Picard (2013)
Dominik, Andrew – Blonde (No date)
Dumont, Bruno – NDPL
Eastwood, Clint – NDPL
Egoyan, Atom – Devil’s Knot (2013)
Fincher, David – NDPL
Folman, Ari – The Congress (2013, Paul Giamatti, Harvey Keitel)
Gallo, Vincent – NDPL
Garcia, Nicole – Il est parti dimanche (2013)
Garrel, Philippe – La jalousie (2013, pre-production)
Garrone, Matteo – NDPL
Gatlif, Tony – NDPL
Giannoli, Xavier – NDPL
Gitai, Amos – Words with Gods (2013, segment)
Giordana, Marco Tullio – NDPL
Gray, James – Lowlife (2013, Jeremy Renner, Joaquin Phoenix, Marion Cotillard)
Greenaway, Peter – Eisenstein in Guanajuato (2013, pre-production)
Haneke, Michael – NDPL
Haroun, Mahamat-Saleh – NDPL
Hazanavicius, Michel – untitled project (2013, pre-production)
Hillcoat, John – Triple Nine (2013, pre-production)
Hong, Sang-soo – Nugu-ui Ttal-do Anin (2013), two other rumoured titles (2013)
Honoré, Christophe – NDPL
Hopkins, Stephen – NDPL
Hou, Hsiao-Hsien – The Assassin (2013, wrapping production in April)
Im, Sang-soo – NDPL
Iñárritu, Alejandro González – Birdman (2013, pre-production)
Jarmusch, Jim – Only Lovers Left Alive (2013, Tilda Swinton, Mia Wasikowska)
Jaoui, Agnès – L’art de la fugue (2013)
Jones, Tommy Lee – The Homesman (2013, pre-production, Meryl Streep, TLJ, Hilary Swank)
Kawase, Naomi – NDPL
Kaufman, Charlie – Anomalisa (2013, pre-production,
Kaurismäki, Aki – NDPL
Khoo, Eric – NDPL
Kiarostami, Abbas – NDPL
Kim, Ki-Duk – NDPL
Kitano, Takeshi – NDPL
Kelly, Richard – Corpus Christi (2013, pre-production)
Koreeda, Hirokazu – Soshite chichi ni naru (2013)
Kurosawa, Kiyoshi – Real (2013, June 1st release date)
Kusturica, Emir – Words with Gods (2013, segment)
Larrieu, Arnaud and Jean-Marie – NDPL
Lee, Ang – NDPL
Lee, Chang-dong – NDPL
Leigh, Julia – NDPL
Leigh, Mike – NDPL
Liman, Doug – Everest (2014, pre-production)
Linklater, Richard – Before Midnight (2013, has already premiered at Sundance and Berlin)
Loach, Ken – The Spirit of ’45 (2013, March 15th release)
Lou, Ye – NDPL
Loznitsa, Sergei – NDPL
Luchetti, Daniele – NDPL
Maïwenn – NDPL
Makhmalbaf, Samira – NDPL
Malick, Terrence – Knight of Cups (2013)
Masahiro, Kobayashi – NDPL
Mamoru, Oshii – The Last Druid: Garm Wars (2014)
Martel, Lucrecia – NDPL
Meirelles, Fernando – Rio, eu te amo (2013)
Mendoza, Brillante – NDPL
Mihăileanu, Radu – NDPL
Miike, Takashi – Straw Shield (2013)
Mikhalkov, Nikita – NDPL
Miller, Claude – NDPL
Miller, Frank – Sin City: A Dame to Kill For (2013)
Moll, Dominik – NDPL
Moore, Michael – NDPL
Moretti, Nanni – NDPL
Mundruczó, Kornél – NDPL
Mungiu, Cristian – NDPL
Nadjari, Raphael – NDPL
Nasrallah, Yousry – NDPL
Nichols, Jeff – NDPL
Noé, Gaspar – NDPL
Nossiter, Jonathan – NDPL
Ozon, François – Jeune et Jolie (2013?)
Park, Chan-wook – Stoker (2013)
Paronnaud, Vincent – NDPL
Ramsay, Lynne – Jane Got a Gun (2014, pre-production)
Resnais, Alain – NDPL
Reygadas, Carlos – NDPL
Rodriguez, Robert – Machete Kills (2013), Sin City: A Dame to Kill For (2013)
Ruiz, Raúl – RIP
Saleem, Hiner – NDPL
Salles, Walter – NDPL
Satrapi, Marjane – The Voices (pre-production)
Seidl, Ulrich – NDPL
Schleinzer, Markus – NDPL
Schnabel, Julian – NDPL
Soderbergh, Steven – Behind the Candelabra (2013, TV movie, Matt Damon, Michael Douglas)
Sokourov, Alexander – NDPL
Sorrentino, Paolo – La grande bellezza (2013, April 11th release Italy)
Suleiman, Elia – NDPL
Tarantino, Quentin – NDPL
Tarr, Béla – NDPL
Tavernier, Bertrand – Quai d’Orsay (2013)
Téchiné, André – NDPL
Thomas, Daniela – NDPL
To, Johnnie – Man Tam (2013)
Trapero, Pablo – NDPL
Tsai, Ming-Liang – Diary of a Young Boy (2013, post-production)
Van Sant, Gus – NDPL
Vernon, Conrad – NDPL
Vinterberg, Thomas – NDPL
von Trier, Lars – Nymphomaniac (2013)
Wang, Xiaoshuai – NDPL
Weerasethakul, Apichatpong – NDPL
Weingartner, Hans – NDPL
Wenders, Wim – Every Thing Will Be Fine (2014, pre-production)
Winding Refn, Nicolas – Only God Forgives (2013, May 23rd release, Ryan Gosling)
Wong, Kar-wai – The Grandmaster (2013)
Zhangke, Jia – NDPL
Zviaguintsev, Andrei – NDPL

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“Film criticism as a business operates like the film industry itself: The people in charge like to hire people who remind them of themselves, and those people at the top are by and large straight white dudes (baseball caps are an option). That’s not to say they can’t have wildly diverging opinions on a variety of topics, but privilege comes with blinders that are often hard to acknowledge and even tougher to remove. The past few months have seen some of the most prominent film publications taking on new writers who are for the most part white men: Rolling Stone, Film Comment, Indiewire, and of course, Owen Gleiberman at Variety. Many of them have championed underdog filmmakers, but you can’t get over the sense of gatekeeping going on. Film criticism often feels like the treehouse girls are banned from entering, and it’s not hard to assume the conversations we’re missing out on aren’t exactly centered on women in the business… Our world and our art suffers when we limit the number of perspectives allowed to not only tell the story but to discuss it. Women are no better or worse in their opinions than men, but the key differences we bring allow further dimensions in the narrative. Whether they’re conscious of it or not, the ingrained biases of white maleness will continue unchallenged without contrasting voices under the banner, and the commodification of women’s faces and bodies will exacerbate to increasingly damaging levels.”
~ Ceilidhann

DENNIS COOPER

The next thing that really changed my world and thoroughly influenced my writing were the films of Robert Bresson. When I discovered them in the late seventies, I felt I had found the final ingredient I needed to write the fiction I wanted to write.

INTERVIEWER

What was the final ingredient?

DENNIS COOPER

Recognizing that the films were entirely about emotion and, to me, ­ profoundly moving while, at the same time, stylistically inexpressive and monotonic. On the surface, they were nothing but style, and the style was extremely rigorous to boot, but they seemed almost transparent and purely content driven. Bresson’s use of untrained nonactors influenced my concentration on characters who are amateurs or noncharacters or characters who are ill equipped to handle the job of manning a story line or holding the reader’s attention in a conventional way. Altogether, I think Bresson’s films had the greatest influence on my work of any art I’ve ever encountered. In fact, the first fiction of mine that was ever published was a chapbook called “Antoine Monnier,” which was a god-awful, incompetent attempt to rewrite Bresson’s film Le diable ­probablement as a pornographic novella. So I came to writing novels through a channel that included experimental fiction, poetry, and nonliterary influences pretty much exclusively. I never read normal novels with any real interest or close attention.
~ Dennis Cooper Discovers Bresson

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